Articles & Books

2016

  • Billiet. Administrative fines and the judge’s control: general sketch with accents on environmental and land use law. Read more…
  • Billiet. Chronicle of administrative adjudication with regard to administrative fining decisions. the case law of the Flemish Environmental Enforcement Court in the years 2013-2015. Read more…
  • Billiet & Rousseau. Environmental inspectors and public prosecutors: is sharing information always useful? Read more…

2015

  • Arguedas & Rousseau. Emission standards and monitoring strategies in a hierarchical setting. Read more…
  • Billiet. Patchworks in law enforcement. Towards a public law sanctioning of environmental, land use and cultural heritage legislation. Read more…
  • Billiet & Lavrysen. Hitting the mark. Effective sanctioning of environmental, land use and cultural heritage legislation. Read more…
  • Blondiau, Billiet & Rousseau. Comparison of criminal and administrative penalties for environmental offences. Read more…

2014

  • Billiet, Blondiau & Rousseau. Punishing environmental crimes : an empirical study from lower courts to the court of appeal. Read more…
  • Billiet & Rousseau. How real is the threat of imprisonment for environmental crime? Read more…
  • Meeus. Sanctioning European environmental law. In between enforcement needs and sanctioning duties. Read more…
  • Rousseau & Blondiau. Act-based versus harm-based sanctions for environmental offenders. Read more…

2013

  • Billiet. Punitive enforcement in the administrative courts: recent case law of the Flemish Environmental Enforcement Court. Read more…
  • Billiet & Rousseau. Environmental crime: assessing illegal benefits. Read more…
  • Blondiau. An economic view on environmental law enforcement. Read more…
  • Ovaere, Proost & Rousseau. The choice of environmental regulatory enforcement by lobby groups. Read more…

2012

  • Arguedas & Rousseau. Learning about compliance under asymmetric information. Read more…
  • Billiet. Satellite images as evidence for environmental crime in Europe. A judge’s perspective. Read more…
  • Billiet & Rousseau. Environmental crime: forfeiture of illegal benefits in numbers. Read more…
  • Rousseau. Variable compliance incentives in conservation policies in a dynamic setting. Read more…

2011

  • Billiet. Administrative fines with fixed tariffs under judicial control: the case law of the Constitutional Court illustrated. Read more…
  • Billiet. Formats for Law & Economics in legal scholarship. Views and wishes from Europe. Read more…
  • Billiet, Blondiau & Rousseau. Environmental crime in the criminal judge’s policy: punishing between Haus and Brundtland. Read more…
  • Billiet & Broeckhoven. Environmental criminal judges safeguarding the future: an empirical profile of the exploitation cessation order. Read more…
  • Meeus. The transaction as a sanctioning tool for environmental offences after the Flemish Environmental Enforcement Decree: between administrative fining and criminal prosecution. Read more…
  • Meeus. A future for the transaction as sanctioning tool for environmental law? Lessons learned in Belgium and The Netherlands. Read more…

2010

  • Billiet. Punishing environmental offences: the fining officer as third player on the game. Read more…
  • Billiet, Deben & Van Aeken. Transparant law enforcement. Towards a stronger enforcement policy through better legislation and communication. Read more…
  • Billiet & Meeus. EU regulations and enforcement actors. The sanctioning provisions for environmental regulations through the lens of enforcement practice. Read more…
  • Billiet, Rousseau, Meeus & Balcaen. Transactions for environmental offences in Flanders. Read more…
  • Blondiau & Rousseau. The impact of the judicial objective function on the enforcement of environmental standards. Read more…
  • Lavrysen. The Environmental Enforcement Decree in practice. Taking a closer look at one year of new vintage enforcement. Read more…
  • Meeus. Fill in the gaps: EU sanctioning requirements to improve Member State enforcement of EU environmental law. Read more…
  • Meeus. Enforceable provisions in EU directives. The case of the waste directives. Read more…
  • Michiels & Sauvé. Remedial orders under penalty payment in environmental law: practice. Read more…
  • Rousseau. Evidence of a filtered approach to environmental monitoring. Read more…
  • Rousseau & Telle. On the existence of the optimal fine for environmental crime. Read more…

2009

  • Billiet. Haziness of years: hearing obligations when imposing an administrative sanction after long-lasting preliminaries. Read more…
  • Billiet. Administrative fines in aviation law: an apprentice magician’s job? Read more…
  • Billiet, Desmedt & Van Landeghem. New vintage Flemish environmental law enforcement. Read more…
  • Billiet & Meeus. EU regulations as a legislative issue: the example of the environmental regulations. Read more…
  • Billiet, Rousseau, Balcaen, Meeus, Styns, De Meyer, Vander Beken & Lavrysen. Environmental crime as handled by criminal courts and fining administrations: facts from Flanders and Brussels. Read more…
  • Billiet, Rousseau, Balcaen, Meeus, Styns, De Meyer, Vander Beken & Lavrysen. Environmental law enforcement: a database to research the criminal and the administrative sanctioning practices. Read more…
  • Billiet, Vander Beken, Rousseau, Balcaen, Meeus, Styns, De Meyer & Lavrysen. Environmental crime: facts about punishment. Read more…
  • De Schuyter & Lambrecht. Tidily exported? The control on waste export to Third World countries: legislation and policy. Read more…
  • Michiels. Two weapons in the battle. Remedial orders under penalty payment and administrative transactions as tools for environmental law enforcement in The Netherlands. Read more…
  • Rousseau. The use of warnings in the presence of errors. Read more
  • Rousseau. Empirical analysis of sanctions for environmental offences. Read more…
  • Vander Beken & Balcaen. Sentencing guidelines for the public prosecution: a (new) link in the security chain? Read more…

2008

  • Billiet. Administrative sanctioning of environmental law. Legislation and practice. Read more…
  • Billiet. Principles of proper administration and administrative law enforcement: proportionality and economy in the sanctioning process. Read more…
  • Meeus. Specific sanctioning duties in EU environmental law: a concern for our legislator and law enforcers? Read more…
  • Meeus. The judgements 36/2008 and 82/2008 of the Contituional Court: the difficult distinction between a constitutional and unconstitutional environmental duty to care. Read more…
  • Rousseau & Billiet. A Law & economics analysis of the enforcement deficit in environmental policy. Read more…

2007

  • Billiet. Environmental law and enforcement deficit: the need for enforcement of the different environmental norm categories. Read more…
  • Meeus. The basic enforcement duty of the EU Member States in European environmental law. Read more…